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Ouchi Yoshitaka, the daimyo of Suo Province, governed from his stronghold in Yamaguchi, situated in what is now eastern Yamaguchi Prefecture. His ascension to power occurred at the age of 21, following the passing of his father, Ouchi Yoshioki, a renowned figure credited with reinstating the deposed Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshitane, to authority in 1508 and erecting Saijo Castle.

Expanding his domain, Yoshitaka conquered Aki Province by defeating the Amago clan and extended his influence to northern Kyushu, toppling the longstanding Shoni clan. However, a significant setback occurred in 1542 when his adopted son, Haruhisa, perished along with numerous samurai during a failed invasion of Izumo. This defeat shattered Yoshitaka's resolve for further military endeavors, shifting his focus towards fostering arts, culture, and foreign trade, which led to prosperity in Yamaguchi.

As an influential advisor to the Emperor, Yoshitaka advocated for relocating the Imperial court from Kyoto to Yamaguchi, aiming to liberate it from the dominating influence of the Miyoshi clan. By 1551, preparations were underway for this transition, sparking dissent among his retainers. A faction led by Sue Harukata, favoring territorial expansion over Yoshitaka's peaceful approach, orchestrated a coup d’état, swiftly usurping his authority. This coup resulted in the massacre of Imperial officials and courtiers, compelling Yoshitaka to commit seppuku at Tainei-ji Temple in Nagato, Yamaguchi Prefecture, just shy of his 44th birthday.


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